What is a low-purine diet?
Low-Purine Diet involves consuming foods low in purines, a substance found in some foods. A few vegetables, as well as meat, fish, and poultry, are high in purine because these foods contain high levels of purine bases.
Purines are formed when the body breaks down the amino acids in proteins. Once absorbed through the intestines, they are utilized by the body. Once in the blood, they are transported to the kidneys, where they are either broken down into uric acid or filtered out of the body through urine. You should assess gout or kidney problems if they exist. you may want to limit your purine consumption. you can call it the gout diet.
Example for low-purine foods chart
There are a lot of foods that are low in purine and yet have a high purine content. Eggs, for example, have a purine content of only 0.6 mg per gram while steak, which is high in purine, has a purine content of 1.0 mg per gram. In general, foods that are high in protein, such as meat, fish and poultry, have a higher purine content than, say, vegetables. Fish and seafood, for example, have a purine content of 0.6 mg per gram while chicken has a purine content of 1.0 mg per gram.
Why do you need a low-purine diet?
Purine is not the cause of the problem. Purine is a substance produced by the body and found in certain foods as well. There are some problems with purines, especially the production of uric acid, which can form crystals in your joints and increase pain and inflammation. This joint pain is called a gout attack or gouty.
Gout is an inflammatory condition that affects a small number of people. Gout attacks can be mild or severe enough to cause long-term health problems. Joints, feet, and knees can be affected by a gout attack in addition to pain and discomfort. As gout progresses, the swollen, red, and tender joints will get bigger. Consequently, the victim may experience severe pain at night, difficulty walking, and severe foot pain.
List of foods low in purines
are a good source of low purine protein and can be prepared in many ways. Eat boiled eggs whole, as part of a snack, or in a sandwich. Also, you can eat fried eggs, omelets with salads, and low-fat cheese. When making eggs, do not add salt. You should slowly increase the intake of eggs. Although they have low purines, they can still cause gout attacks.
Nuts, and peanut butter
You will be glad to learn that nuts do not trigger gout in those with gout and like the crunchy snack. Nutrition experts recommend nuts to those with gout if they are eaten in moderation. A peanut butter paste is made by grinding roasted peanuts into a powder. Peanut butter is considered a good diet food since it is mainly fat and protein.
Cheese and ice cream without fat or low-fat
Nonfat cheese ice cream contains less than 1% fat. It has a low nutrition content because it is high in sugar. Low-fat cheese ice cream contains less than 3 grams of fat per 100 grams of the product. Fat-free cheese ice cream has less than 0.5 grams of fat per 100 grams of the product. It has low nutrition content.
Milk that is skimmed or 1%
This is a good source of protein, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B12, riboflavin, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, zinc, niacin, folate, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, and choline.
Make soup without extract or broth of meat
There are soups without meat extract including consommé, vegetable broths, and chicken broths (which have low-purine versions). Vegetarian corn chowder is one type of vegetable soup. It is also low in purines.
Vegetable low in purines
Vegetables that are included in the diet of a low purine
- Fermented cabbage
- Green beans
- Sweet potato
- Corn on the Cob
- Green Olives
- Tomato juice
- Tomato sauce
All fruit and juices
All fruit and fruit juices, including grapefruit, lemons, and oranges, are low in purines. They can be eaten without restriction when following a low-purine diet.
Water, soda, tea, coffee, and cocoa are all good choices for people following a low uric acid diet menu. Be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day.
Other foods that are low in purine
Foods low in purine include bread, pasta, rice, cake, cornbread, and popcorn. Gelatin, sweets, and sugar are also ingredients you can use to prepare your meals.
Foods to limit or avoid
Purine foods should be limited or avoided if you have gout or other related conditions.
Foods with a medium level of purine:
You should consume no more than four to six ounces of meat per day. A variety of meats and poultry Crab, lobster, oysters, and shrimp.
High purine vegetables:
Do not consume more than half a cup of the following vegetables per day.
- Green peas
Limit your consumption to 1 cup of beans, peas, and lentils per day. Eat no more than 2/3 cup of uncooked oatmeal a day and The recommended daily intake of wheat germ and bran is 1/4 cup.
High purine list of foods to avoid with gout
High purine foods list include red meat, organ meat such as brains, hearts, kidneys, and liver. Foods in this group include anchovies, sardines, scallops, and mussels. Also included are tuna, herring, haddock, and cod.
Change your lifestyle to prevent
Have fun and take your time. It is a good idea to change your lifestyle to prevent gout by eating foods low in purines, especially to help guard against a buildup of uric acid.
Drink up to 8 glasses of liquid a day to add more liquid to your diet. Most of the liquid you drink should be water. Extra uric acid can be flushed out of your body with liquids.
A gout attack can be caused by drinking alcohol, especially beer. The purine content of beer makes it a potential contributor to gout. Alcohol must be avoided.
Keep your weight in check. Losing weight slowly is the best method for overweight people. It helps to relieve pressure on your joints when you lose weight. Exercising regularly can help you lose or maintain your weight, depending on your weight status. If you aren’t sure whether exercising is right for you, talk to your doctor.
In summary, the low-purine diet and other lifestyle changes can reduce urinary levels of uric acid and prevent the occurrence of attacks. An attack does not mean that you should consider purine-rich foods off-limits forever. If you keep your weight down and limit the amount of liquor and beer you drink, you might not suffer another attack, and your doctor may eventually tell you that you can add some purine-rich foods back to your diet.